WHAT IS IMMUNITY?
“Immunity” was first reported by Russian scientist II Melnikov and French microbiologist Louis Pasteur. Initially, scientists considered it as the organism’s immunity against infections or infectious diseases, but later it was revealed that it gives our body the power to fight against all kinds of diseases. For example, if you have good immunity, you can also fight deadly diseases like cancer.
Immunity is our body’s ability to fight toxins. These toxins can be bacteria, viruses, fungus, parasites, or any other harmful substances. If our immunity is strong, it not only protects us from cold and cough but also protects us from many diseases including hepatitis, lung infection, kidney infection.
There are many pathogens around us. We do not even know that we absorb harmful elements with food, drinking, and even breathing but not everyone falls ill. Those who have a strong immune system cope better with these external infections.
Have you ever wondered why some people get sick more than others? The answer is probably that their body cannot fight against germs and viruses, which means that their immunity is very low or their immune system is weak.
We can find out about our immunity from the blood report, but our body also starts giving us many types of signals such as:
Recurrent infection or allergies: If you feel that you are sick more often than others, complain of a cold, cough, sore throat, or skin rashes, then it may be due to your immune system. Diarrhea, gingivitis, mouth sores, etc. are also symptoms of poor immunity.
If you have no fever: When a fever should come, but it doesn’t, then it means that your immunity is weak. When fever comes, the body fights against diseases, but most of us eat fever medicine which doesn’t allow a fever to work in a positive way for us. If you have not had a fever for many years after infection, then it is also a symptom of weak immunity.
Vitamin D deficiency: Vitamin D enhances immunity and is lacking in most people. If there is a lack of vitamin D in your blood report, then you should make every effort to correct its level. Apart from this, persistent fatigue, sluggishness, or wounds that do not heal for a long time, sleeplessness, depression, and dark circles are also a sign of weak immunity.
Some of the reasons for reduced Immunity
Stress: Almost all of us must have felt stress at some point in our lives. Headache, chest pain, restlessness, and feeling overall tension are the hallmarks of stress. All these factors together force our immune system to work harder so that our body can fight against diseases. But sometimes our immune system does not fight them and causes low immunity.
Not Exercising: Our immune system is always fit for our body and according to our lifestyle. It is not necessary every time. A study shows that regular exercise helps neutrophils to function, neutrophils are cells that serve to kill unwanted and sometimes dangerous microorganisms. These microorganisms can negatively affect health. Thus, not exercising can cause low immunity.
Do not sleep properly: Do you know that even when you are sleeping, your blood cells which fight infection are working to keep the infection away from your body. Hence low sleep and fatigue can also be the reason for low immunity.
Improper nutrition: Estimates are that reduced diet and lack of exercise are responsible for killing 310,000 and 580,000 Americans each year. Therefore, it is important to have a balanced diet that contains all the vitamins, minerals, nutrients, antioxidants, and essential ingredients right now. Fatty junk foods should be avoided as they contain polyunsaturated fats that prevent the immune system from functioning.